Johanna Bolton: Research Image of an Archive by Theresa Kneppers

Over the weeks, I have been looking at the works in the collection in their context of an archive. I have found these communal themes or qualities that could be used as categories to arrange them by:

Lines - direction
Marks: lines - dashes - dots
Marks: patches - blotches -dots
Structure - angles - rounds
Surface: texture - thickness - energy or crunchiness
Grids
Colour: greys, yellow-pink, red-orange, blues
Motif: bodies, city-scapes, portraits, vases etc...
Narrative: teaching, trauma, time, instruction, intention, choice
Reaction: breathing, movement

From the research: A list of motives, and how often they occur

Johanna Bolton Artist Residency 3.jpg

An archive of made decisions by Theresa Kneppers

Contemporary artist Johanna Bolton is currently doing a residency at the Borough Road Gallery art store. You can follow her as she researches and develops a project for the gallery this fall. 

Bomberg wrote that ‘the virility of drawing lies in the immediate necessity to make decisions- with it departs the fears and the funk...’ 

I think this quality is very much evident in the decisive fast impasto lines in the art of the Borough Group.

Bomberg also wrote “I approach drawing solely for structure” - I will try the same but from the other side, as a sculptor looking for the instruction for structure in the drawings. 

This week I am buying armature wire and working at drawing out those structural lines into 3-dimensions again. 

Johanna Bolton Artist Residency at Borough Road

Blog 3. An archive of breathing by Theresa Kneppers

Contemporary artist Johanna Bolton is currently doing a residency at the Borough Road Gallery archive and art store. This is her third week exploring the collection and related materials.

This week I look and draw and breath structure.

Collector Sarah Rose described her interest in the act of viewing and how it affects the viewer’s body, and breathing. (It is interesting to note that she worked as a singing teacher).

A poetic connection is drawn between the record of movement encoded in the painting’s structure and the physical reaction it evokes, the viewer’s breathing.

An element or category for this collection is therefore BREATHING.

Johanna Bolton Artist Residency.jpg

Blog 2: Traces of Trauma (Art in the shadow of two World Wars) by Theresa Kneppers

Contemporary artist Johanna Bolton is currently doing a residency at the Borough Road Gallery archive and art store. This is her second blog exploring the collection and working with the LSBU archives.

Last Friday, archivist Ruth MacLeod showed me the records from the Arts Department of Borough Polytechnic (as London South Bank University was then known) at the time David Bomberg was teaching (1946-53). There was little mentioned about him specifically, but some records that help get a feeling for life in the art department at the time.

As a Polytechnic the department’s focus was on commercial art, creating a freedom from the traditions followed in the Fine Arts departments elsewhere. Bomberg taught a few daytime life drawing classes, but mainly evening classes in life drawing, painting and composition. Records show a large uptake of art evening classes, and one year there was a course tantalizingly named ‘Drawing and painting from memory and knowledge’. There is a line in the student magazine about the people who come in the evening and ‘splash more paint on the walls than on the canvases’, and an entertaining article about the humiliation of being corrected by an unnamed life drawing teacher (there were two life drawing teachers at the time, one of them Bomberg): “...try to remember he is an Aesthete and therefore cannot be expected to know any better.”

But what the visit to the archive really brought home more than anything was how recent this was after WW2, the second war that Bomberg had lived through. His suffering in the trenches of the Great War had affected his practice dramatically, from radical abstractions in the style of Futurism and Vorticism to a more figurative, expressionistic style. 

Of course WW2 also had a major impact on the art works of all the artists in the Borough Road group. 

The archive did have a large folder with records on Bomberg’s contemporary teacher collegue Mr Thomas Liverton. In a hand written note from 20th October 1945 he writes that he has been discharged from the RAF, and was much looking forward to returning to Borough Polytechnic in November, but felt ‘rather in need of a rest.’ It is strange to think how quietly that generation went through their traumatic experiences.

Traces of Trauma? Works by David Bomberg from before, between and after the two world wars, in the Borough Road collection archive. (There is only one work from before the Great War in the collection).

 David Bomberg, 1913-14. Before WW1

David Bomberg, 1913-14. Before WW1

 David Bomberg, 1925. Interwar period

David Bomberg, 1925. Interwar period

 David Bomberg, 1956. After WW2

David Bomberg, 1956. After WW2

Blog 1: At the crossroads by Theresa Kneppers

Artist Johanna Bolton has started her residencey at the Borough Road Gallery archive and art store. She will be writing blogs as her research progresses concluding with a exhibition and workshop in October.

A special kind of silence seems to rest over all archives. We must come prepared with our own narratives to make sense of their baffling complexity. Mostly, we see what we look for and hear what we are listening for. Once we finish they fall back into silence, like a brain full of memories at rest, maybe dreaming.

I came to the A David Bomberg Legacy – The Sarah Rose Collection with a fascination for archives; labels, series and categorisation. An underlying narrative of trying to grapple with the unseen. Questions about choice and chance, and complexity.

Art collections have an interesting tension where the uniqueness demanded by an art work is subsumed by the context of the archive. There are many narratives clashing; the artists, Bomberg’s teachings, the collector’s intentions and chance encounters as well as what I bring, encountering it for the first time. I am looking forward to see what comes out of the cross-roads. 

Johanna Bolton Borough Road Archie images

The Working Artist by Theresa Kneppers

Many of the artists in the Borough Group had to supplement their income by having various jobs alongside their artistic work. Cliff Holden worked as a designer and silkscreen printer,  Edna Mann, Miles Richmond, and Dorothy Mead all taught at various points throughout their lives. Mead also worked as an animator. 

Throughout the 1960's and 70's Dorothy Mead held teaching positions at Morley College and Goldsmiths College

At Morley College, she taught from 1963-65 and again from 1973-75. Under the title "Painting", her classes encouraged the use of different media but the focus was still on oil painting from life. 

She also worked on animation projects such as "Polygamous Polonius", directed by Bob Godfrey. The film is available to watch on the BFI platform

Godfrey's career as an animator spanned more than fifty years and counts several popular children's cartoons. 

He was nominated for the Academy Awards multiple times and won for the short animation film "Great" from 1975. 

 Dorothy Mead, photograph by Bryan Long, courtesy of Val and Bryan Long

Dorothy Mead, photograph by Bryan Long, courtesy of Val and Bryan Long